Occasionally, references may include citation of audio or video recordings or DVDs. The form for such references is as follows:
1.Smith R. Evidence-Based Medicine: An Oral History. The JAMA Network and the BMJ. 2014. Accessed October 14, 2016. https://ebm.jamanetwork.com/
2.Moyers B. On Our Own Terms: Moyers on Dying. DVD. Thirteen/WNET; 2000. https://billmoyers.com/series/on-our-own-terms-moyers-on-dying/
3.Bernstein Fant B, Fant L. The American Sign Language Phrase Book With DVD. McGraw-Hill Education; 2011.
Note that the host may be given as the author and the distributor may be given as the publisher. In addition, if the medium is given in the title of the work, it is not necessary to repeat after the title (see example 3).
For citation format for electronic books or books on CD, see 3.12.11, References to Books, Electronic Books, Books Online, Audiobooks, and Books on Tape or CD, and for audio presentations available online, see 3.13.8, Special Materials, Conference Proceedings Online, Webinars, and Other Presentations.
3.14.2 Podcasts and Other Audio.
The JAMA Network frequently publishes online podcast interviews with authors. The following are suggested citation formats:
1.Interview with Charles Harding, author of “Breast Cancer Screening, Incidence, and Mortality Across US Counties,” and Joann G. Elmore, author of “Effect of Screening Mammography on Cancer Incidence and Mortality”. JAMA Intern Med. July 6, 2015. Accessed June 18, 2019. https://edhub.ama-assn.org/jn-learning/audio-player/11054180
2.Bauchner H. Editor’s audio summary. JAMA. March 5, 2019. Accessed March 10, 2019. https://edhub.ama-assn.org/jn-learning/audio-player/17356045
3.Nate. The Show About Science. Butterflies with Doug Taron. October 11, 2016. Accessed January 10, 2019. https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-show-about-science/id1046413761
For citation format for audiobooks, see 3.12.11, References to Books, Electronic Books, Books Online, Audiobooks, and Books on Tape or CD.
3.14.3 Apps and Interactive Games.
The suggested format for citing apps and video games follows:
1.JN Listen app. American Medical Association. Updated March 1, 2019.
2.Davis’s Drug Guide With Updates & Calculators app. Version 1.18. Unbound Medicine Inc. Updated September 25, 2015.
3.That Dragon, Cancer. Numinous Games. 2016. Accessed August 17, 2016. http://www.thatdragoncancer.com/
3.14.4 Other Multimedia.
A multimedia component can be cited as a supplement to an article or as a stand-alone item with its own DOI, as shown in example 6, which is for a video journal. Citation of multimedia components to online articles, including videos, can be formatted as follows:
1.Modeled estimates of HIV incidence, prevalence, and mortality worldwide and in 188 countries, 1990-2013. Accessed August 17, 2016. https://jama.jamanetwork.com/multimediaPlayer.aspx? interactiveID=11757140. Interactive feature for: Leach-Kemon K, Shepard D, O’Rourke K, VanderZanden A; Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. JAMA. 2015;314(15):1552. doi:10.1001/jama. 2015.12936
2.The global burden of cancer 2013. May 28, 2015. Accessed October 13, 2016. https://jamanetwork.com/learning/video-player/10626961. Author video interview for: Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration. JAMA Oncol. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2015.0735
3.Kaiser Family Foundation. A snapshot of US global health funding. Visualizing Health Policy infographic. JAMA. 2014;311(16):1601. Accessed October 13, 2016. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.3890
In example 3, the department name (ie, Visualizing Health Policy) is given in the reference because it helps identify the nature of what is being cited, information that is not apparent from the title (see 3.11.11, References to Journal Articles, Special Department, Feature, or Column of a Journal).
4.Middle ear aspiration. November 3, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2019. https://edhub.ama-assn.org/jn-learning/video-player/13673838. Video supplement to: Chan LC, Wabnitz D, Bassiouni A, et al. Identification of the bacterial reservoirs for the middle ear using phylogenic analysis. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(2):155—161.
5.Association between income and life expectancy in the United States. April 10, 2016. Accessed October 13, 2016. http://jamanetwork.com/learning/video-player/12647873. Multimedia supplement to: Chetty R, Stepner M, Abraham S, et al. The association between income and life expectancy in the United States, 2001-2014. JAMA. 2016;315(16):1750-1766. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4226
6.Lee PY, Costumbrado J, Hsu CY, Kim YH. Agarose gel electrophoresis for the separation of DNA fragments. J Vis Exp. 2012;62:e3923. Accessed October 13, 2016. doi:10.3791/3923
3.14.5 Transcripts of Audio, Video, Television, or Radio Broadcasts or Television Commercials.
Citation of transcripts to television or radio broadcasts or other audio or video and television commercials takes the following form:
1.Families describe how they felt hearing about an autism diagnosis. Transcript. Weekend Edition Saturday. National Public Radio. January 16, 2016. Accessed October 20, 2016. http://www.npr.org/2016/01/15/463221381/families-describe-how-they-felt-hearing-about-an-autism-diagnosis
2.Heroin in the heartland. Transcript. 60 Minutes. CBS television. January 24, 2016. Accessed October 20, 2016. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/heroin-in-the-heartland-60-minutes/
3.Device reduces risk of brain injury after heart valve replacement. Video script. JAMA Report Video. August 9, 2016. Accessed August 18, 2016. https://media.jamanetwork.com/news-item/device-reduces-risk-of-brain-injury-after-heart-valve-replacement/#
4.Celebrex commercial. Body in motion. Transcript. Pfizer. Advertisement by Kaplan Thaler Group. Last aired September 18, 2014. Accessed July 13, 2016. https://www.ispot.tv/ad/7V7z/celebrex-body-in-motion